Strickland told the Associated Press that her first thought on hearing she'd won the physics prize was "it's insane".
The other research honored by the prize the invention by Arthur Ashkin of a way to use lasers to manipulate tiny objects has let scientists study how proteins operate in the body and how they interact, Moloney said.
The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences has in the past lamented the small number of women laureates in the science fields in general.
"Advanced precision instruments are opening up unexplored areas of research and a multitude of industrial and medical applications", the Nobel organizers wrote on prize's Twitter feed.
Strickland said she and Mourou were well aware that they were onto something in 1982 when they began researching ways to allow lasers to perform high-intensity, ultra-short pulses that would not damage the equipment. (Eight years later, she also won a Nobel Prize in chemistry for her work on isolating pure radium.) The second was Maria Goeppert Mayer, who won in 1963 for developing a model that could predict the properties of atomic nuclei.
"Obviously we need to celebrate women physicists because we are out there and hopefully in time it will start to move forward at a faster rate", she told a news conference by telephone, shortly after learning of the prize she won.
On top of that, Arnault also has been suspected of violating century-old Nobel rules by leaking names of winners of the prestigious award - allegedly seven times, starting in 1996. Millions of eye operations are performed every year with the sharpest of laser beams.
A reporter asked the physicist how it felt to be in the company of so few women.
At the time, scientists had been trying to figure out how to amplify high-energy laser pulses without destroying the amplifiers.
Out of 923 total Nobel Prize laureates, only 48 of those have been women, and just three in the physics category.
Judge Gudrun Anteman reads out the court findings at the district court in Stockholm on October 01, 2018 on the rape and sexual assault allegations against French national Jean-Claude Arnault that prompted the Swedish Academy to postpone the Nobel Literature Prize.
"I turned on the news this morning and saw that, and I was honoured to be part of a field that recognized the work of this particular researcher", said Sandy Baumgartner, the CEO for the Saskatchewan Science Centre.
The winners of the Nobel Prize will be awarded $1 million or £770,000 by the Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences.
"I told her she doesn't have to submit a very long CV, one line will be sufficient", he said, drawing laughter from the crowd. "By stimulating the ability of our immune system to attack tumour cells, this year's Nobel Prize laureates have established an entirely new principle for cancer therapy", the Nobel Assembly of Karolinska Institute in Stockholm noted while announcing the award to 70-year-old Allison and 76-year-old Honjo, MD, Ph.D, of Kyoto University in Japan.
Physics is the second of this year's crop of prizes and comes after the medicine prize was awarded on Monday.