23, 2018 /PRNewswire-USNewswire/ -Today, the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering and Medicine released a Consensus Study Report on the Public Health Consequence of E-Cigarettes.
There is substantial evidence that using e-cigarettes leads to symptoms of dependence on them.
They're less toxic than regular cigarettes, containing fewer types and lower levels of tar and metal, for example.
As such, they were suggested as being effective aids for adults to quit smoking, even though their long-term health effects are not yet clear.
E-cigarette use by teens and young adults increases the risk of using conventional cigarettes.
"E-cigarettes can not be simply categorized as either beneficial or harmful", David Eaton, the chair of the committee that wrote the report and the dean and vice provost of the Graduate School of the University of Washington, Seattle, said in a statement.
With regard to second-hand smoke exposure, the writing group found moderate evidence that second-hand exposure to nicotine and particulate toxins is lower from e-cigarettes than from combustible cigarettes.
It calls for lowering the nicotine level in traditional cigarettes to nonaddictive levels; limiting or eliminating flavorings, such as menthol in traditional cigarettes and candy and fruits in e-cigs and vaporizers, that the FDA says appeal to youths; and establishing rules to make the product review process more efficient, predictable and transparent for manufacturers, while upholding the agency's public -health mission.
In terms of other possible hazards, e-cigarettes can explode.
The report offers conclusions about e-cigarette use and a range of health impacts, including the following, and it notes the strength of the evidence for each conclusion. Current modeling, the report said, shows e-cigarettes could have a net positive effect, "at least in the short run", if they help adults stop smoking.
It is deeply troubling that there are still so many unanswered questions about the impact of e-cigarettes on public health despite the fact they have been on the market for a decade and are being used by millions of kids and adults.
There is conclusive evidence that replacing combustible cigarettes with e-cigarettes reduces exposure to many toxicants and carcinogens. Until the effects of e-cigarettes are completely understood, it's best not to smoke them as they still may cause harm and become addictive, Gonievicz warns.
Studies in animals - but not yet in humans - suggest that long-term vaping could increase the risk of cancer - limited evidence. "It also makes sure that FDA has the foundational regulations to put products such as electronic cigarettes through an appropriate series of regulatory checkpoints".
There is conclusive evidence that in addition to nicotine, most e-cigarettes contain and emit numerous potentially toxic substances.
There is substantial evidence that e-cigarette use by youth and young adults increases their risk of ever using conventional cigarettes.
"The risk of smoking three cigarettes is 80 percent of the risk of smoking a pack of cigarettes".
Philip Morris and other global tobacco companies are diversifying their products beyond traditional cigarettes, making investments in e-cigarettes, heated tobacco products and chewable tobacco pouches, among other alternatives. And ingestion of e-liquids can cause seizures, brain injury, vomiting, and death.
WATKINS: Kids who were using two or more non-cigarette products were four times as likely to report using cigarettes a year later.