WADA's Foundation Board, meeting in Seoul, came to the decision after its Compliance Review Committee recommended that Russia's anti-doping body, RUSADA, "should not be reinstated".
Earlier, Russian Deputy Prime Minister Vitaly Mutko stated that no matter what WADA decided on RUSADA's status, it will not affect Russia's participation in the Olympics, as the latter is "a prerogative of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), not WADA".
Russia's exclusion from the winter Paralympics and global athletics competitions is set to be confirmed today at a meeting of the World Anti-Doping Agency (Wada).
In a blow to Russia, the World Anti-Doping Agency maintained their suspension of the Russian body, RUSADA, which was first imposed in 2015 when evidence emerged of widespread cheating.
Kuwait have been suspended, WADA director general Olivier Niggli told insidethegames, because he claimed their anti-doping programme was not working and Government legislation does not recognise the authority of the Court of Arbitration for Sport.
"We do not agree with this decision, we believe it to be unfair".
WADA's decision, taken today in Seoul, raised the spectre of a possible ban of the Russian team from February's Winter Olympics in Pyeongchang.
The country was excluded from participating under their own flag at last year's Olympic Games in Rio de Janeiro.
Countries and sports federations must be compliant with the WADA Code to be eligible for the Olympics, with the International Olympic Committee making the ultimate decision on participation.
Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov has labeled the World Anti-Doping Agency's (WADA) refusal to grant rights back to the Russian Anti-Doping Agency (RUSADA) 'unjust and unpleasant'.
The report by Canadian lawyer Richard McLaren accused Russia's secret service and sports ministry of orchestrating a plot that included using a "mousehole" to replace dirty samples at the Sochi doping laboratory. "This means we will be one the world's biggest anti-doping organizations". Russian Federation escaped a blanket ban at the 2016 Summer Olympics in Rio de Janeiro but remains barred from competing in worldwide athletics events.