The most risky part of it, based on the acknowledgment of the failure of the military solution, is that it accepts the temporary geographical distribution of Syria between different foreign forces, Russia, the US, Iran and Turkey, as per the status quo.
According to reports, the deal includes Iranian proxies fighting on behalf of Syrian President Bashar Assad's regime, which would be required to leave the border area and eventually Syria.
The reports on the new ceasefire agreement came after the BBC published satellite photos on Friday said to show the construction of a permanent Iranian military base in Syria.
Elsewhere in his comments, the Israeli minister said that Tel Aviv had "set red lines" and that it would stand "firm" on them, alluding to the Israeli military strikes in Syria, carried out against suspected Hezbollah arms depots or in retaliation for attacks launched from the Syrian-controlled Golan. But he stressed that Israel is not a party to the agreement and will defend its interests.
Like the rest of the region's countries, Israel underestimated Iran's infiltration of Syria.
But even if the agreement between the main powers succeeds in putting an end to the fighting, we have to worry about the signs of a new phase of regional confrontations inside and outside Syria.
Israel sees Hezbollah as an advanced Iranian battalion that's part of the conflict over influence in the Middle East and which is nurtured by the expected agreement to stop fighting in Syria while accepting the Iranians' presence there. "We will not allow the Shiite axis to establish a front command center in Syria". In addition, the previous Israeli wars were waged against Hezbollah according to piled up weapons and expansion - nearly every ten years.
As for Syria, Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu warns against the new realities and believes that "when Daesh is banished from a place, Iran replaces it".
On the ground, meanwhile, 50 civilians, including 20 children, have died in artillery fire and Russian bombardment of two displacement camps and surrounding territory in eastern Syria since late Friday night, the Britain-based Syrian Observatory for Human Rights activist group said Sunday.
Although Iran does not have borders with Syria, it has expanded the most there.
This is the reality, which I don't know how the agreement to end war in Syria will handle.
Abdulrahman al-Rashed is the former General Manager of Al Arabiya News Channel.