The Food and Drug Administration has ruled that artificial sweeteners are safe, and sucralose, which was accidentally discovered by United Kingdom scientists while they were developing new insecticides, remains the biggest sugar substitute on the market, according to retail tracking service Infoscan Reviews and Information Resources, Inc.
If we consider the research, outside of the 1 in 10,000 of us who suffer from the rare condition Phenylketonuria (who can not process the breakdown of Aspartame, ) use of diet drinks and sweetener-based products should not be considered a risk to our health, and we should be able able to enjoy them as part of our daily diets.
Therefore, researchers warn everybody that artificial sweeteners are not what they seem, and they might lead to the apparition of certain health problems rather than their disappearance.
The report analyzed 37 studies on artificial sweeteners, which followed more than 400,000 people across 10 years.
Another issue with these studies is that they do not accurately represent how people use sweeteners in their real lives, due to the shortness of the studies. Further research is needed to fully characterize the long-term risks and benefits of artificial sweeteners.
Numerous clinical trials this study drew on didn't align closely with the way people consume such sweeteners in the real world - for instance, trials generally give subjects diet soda or sweetener capsules, while ignoring other sources, such as food.
They found no link between the use of artificial sweeteners and changes in body mass index (BMI), which is a measure of weight in relation to height, among the 1,003 people in the randomized controlled trials.
Both types of studies have their pluses and limitations. Importantly, trials of longer duration have shown higher weight loss and maintenance with low calorie sweeteners' use.
Read Azad's full findings published Monday in the Canadian Medical Association Journal. These days aspartame and sucralose aren't just in diet sodas and chewing gum but English muffins and toothpaste as well. The best advice would be to choose your sugar intake wisely and avoid sweet foods when possible, no matter how many calories they may contain. "And we found at least some evidence that they do the opposite".
Azad suggests that consumers who turn to artificial sweeteners on the assumption that they're a healthier choice should to be cautious.
The experiment is meant to investigate the hypothesis that artificial sweeteners shift the gut flora in a way that predisposes us to obesity. Researchers wanted to look more broadly at what's going on by doing a large-scale analysis of dozens of studies on low-calorie sweeteners.
Human trials concluded that there were no significant differences observed on insulin levels between groups consuming diet drinks and those consuming water.